Keffiyeh Factory 
Hebron, Palestine

The Herbawi Textile Factory is the last operating keffiyeh factory in Palestine. They have 16 machines but only two machines are used, making a mere 300 keffiyahs per week.

Originating in ancient Mesopotamia, the traditional keffiyeh pattern, which is still used today in Palestine and other Arab Nations, was modeled after fishing nets and ears of grain. During the Arab Revolt in the 1930s, the keffiyeh became a symbol of Palestinian nationalism and in the 1980s Yasser Arafat made the keffiyah a globally recognized symbol of the Palestinian struggle. Today, cheaper imports of the keffiyeh from China threaten an already troubled industry. (excerpted from Palestine Monitor) 

Also spelled kuffiyah, keffiyah, and kufiya.